Ed Lake's web page
Time Work cover
If you want my opinion ......
you've come to the right place.
Welcome to Ed Lake's web site!

I also have an interactive blog open for discussions
at this link: http://oldguynewissues.blogspot.com/

My latest comments are near the bottom of this page.
You can go directly to them by clicking HERE.

Click HERE to go to the site archives.

A Crime Unlike Any Other book
Available in paperback and Kindle.  Click HERE for details.

Available at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble.

clipper cover, b
Click HERE to go to my web site about the anthrax attacks of 2001.
Click HERE to access my scientific papers about time dilation, Special Relativity, etc.
Click HERE to go to my Facebook group about Time and Time Dilation. Click HERE to go to my notes about scientific topics discussed on this web site.

My interests are writing, books, movies, science, psychology, conspiracy theorists,
photography, photographic analysis, TV, travel, mysteries, jazz, blues, and ...

just trying to figure things out.

Astronomy example picture big sleep
time article
Available to read on Kindle.  Click HERE for details.                                   I have a fascination with Time and Time Dilation.         Other interests: Movies and Science Podcasts Click on the above image to view a larger version.

My Latest Comments

Comments for Sunday, July 25, 2021, thru Saturday, July 31, 2021:

July 26, 2021 - After lunch yesterday, I sat down on my couch and finished reading a book on my Kindle.  The book was "Films from the Future: The Technology and Morality of Si-Fi Movies" by Andrew Maynard. 

Films From the Future

The book discusses
12 sci-fi movies that address interesting scientific issues, from resurrection biology as depicted in the movie Jurassic Park, to climate change as depicted in the movie The Day After Tomorrow, from predicting criminal intent as depicted in the movie Minority Report, to pharmaceutically enhanced intelligence as depicted in the movie Limitless.  I have 11 of the 12 movies in my DVD and Blu-Ray movie collection.  (I don't have the Tom Hanks movie Inferno, evidently because I rented it from Red-Box and didn't like it.)

Here's an interesting quote from the chapter about The Day After Tomorrow:
In July 2017, a massive chunk of ice broke off the Larson C ice shelf in Antarctica. The resulting tabular iceberg covered around 2,200 square miles—about the area of Delaware, and a tad smaller than the British county of Norfolk—and was one of the largest icebergs in recorded history to break off the continent. The event grabbed the attention of the media around the world, and was framed as yet another indication of the mounting impacts of human-activity-driven climate change. Thirteen years earlier, the climate disaster movie The Day After Tomorrow opened with a block of ice splitting off another of the Antarctic ice shelves, in this case the Larson B shelf. At the time, the sheer size of this make-believe tabular berg was mind-boggling enough to astound and shock moviegoers. But the movie-berg ended up being rather smaller than the 2017 one, coming in at a mere 1,212 square miles. Looking back, it’s sobering to realize that what was considered shockingly unimaginable in 2004 had become a pale reflection of reality in 2017.
One movie I was surprised to see mentioned was The Man in the White Suit, an Alec Guinness black and white movie from 1951.  It's about a chemist who develops a new material for clothing that never gets dirty and never wears out.  It might seem like a good idea, but it means that it will put countless people out of work who all depend on clothes needing to be washed or replaced.  The movie is a good example of an interesting idea that has disastrous consequences.

The last movie mentioned in the book is Contact, based upon Carl Sagan's book of the same name.  The last quote I highlighted in the book was:
We live in a stunning, awe-inspiring, pretty damn amazing world, with a million and one things that are just as mind-blowing as discovering aliens. And yet most of us simply don’t care.       
July 25, 2021 - I'm still only on the first two pages of my new book about Logical Relativity.  Sometimes I think I may have revised those two pages a thousand times. It's not that I cannot decide on how to begin the book, it is because how I decided to begin is by summarizing Relativity down to some "fundamental ideas," although it took awhile before I realized that was what I was trying to do.  Right now I have five fundamental ideas.  As I've pondered how to write about them, I've changed their order dozens of times, and several times I've merged two ideas into one and added another.

I'm hesitant to show them here, since I might revise them another thousand times before I'll feel I've got them right.  However, I've already discussed the first three ideas here many times in various contexts, so I might as well show them:
Fundamental Idea #1: The speed of light photons is the maximum speed allowed in our universe.  All other motion in the universe is relative to the speed of light photons and can be viewed as a percentage of the speed of light.

Fundamental Idea #2: Every particle and atom is a tiny clock that measures and creates time at its location.

Fundamental Idea #3: Motion and gravity cause those tiny “atomic clocks” to run slower relative to the speed of light.
My July 18 comment is all about a discussion of Idea #1 that I had on Facebook, getting lots of "likes" and upsetting a South American electrical engineering professor.  Weeks before, I had a similar argument with that same professor. Idea #2 is the topic that caused a different South American college professor (or one of his students) to post dozens of insults to my log file, and caused me to write about it in April and May.  Idea #3 just merges the first two ideas together with Einstein's Relativity.

Yesterday, I decided to try to put the five ideas into a science paper before putting them into a book.  Or the paper might turn out to be the opening chapter of the book.  Time will tell.

Meanwhile, I've downloaded a couple dozen more episodes of the "Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe" podcast, and I've listened to a few more of the episodes that I had previously downloaded into my MP3 player.  Although Professor Daniel Whiteson and I fundamentally disagree on some of his views about Time Dilation, there seem to be many areas where we agree.  And, more importantly, some of those areas are areas where Professor Whiteson disagrees with other college professors I've encountered.

One example is in the episode titled "Is the Universe Infinite?"  In that episode, Prof. Whiteson basically says, Yes, the universe is probably infinite in size.  I've argued with many QM mathematicians who doggedly argue that the universe is NOT infinite, it ends at the farthest object.  What is beyond the farthest object?  To them that is not a valid question, since the universe ends at the farthest object.

I hope Prof. Whiteson responds to one or both of the two emails I've sent him via his web site.  I'd really like to discuss "relative motion" with someone who won't just immediately start hurling insults and telling me that I need to take some college physics courses and learn how to view mathematical models.

Comments for Sunday, July 18, 2021, thru Saturday, July 24, 2021:

July 23, 2021 - Yesterday afternoon and last night, I listened to seven more episodes of "Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe."  While the first two I'd listened to were excellent, the seven I listened to last night were definitely a "mixed bag."  The first one, an episode from March of 2019 titled "What is Time Dilation?" was wildly wrong in many ways.   Then I listened to their episode from Dec. 25, 2019, titled "How does Relativity affect our perception of time?"  It contained the same errors as the March 2019 episode and one additional error that was totally absurd.  I'd never encountered it before, except that it seems to be a variation on something I noticed while browsing through their book

In the episode, Professor Daniel Whiteson describes a race between Joe and Mo (he used different names) and how different observers traveling at different speeds will see the race.  One of the observers sees Joe moving faster than Mo, and a second observer sees Mo moving faster than Joe.  That's okay, since they both see Joe crossing the finish line first.  But the third observer sees Mo cross the finish line first.  That is totally absurd!  How can someone see an physical event that never happened?  Professor Whiteson then gets into talking about Quantum Mechanics (he teaches physics at the University of California - Irvine and sometimes works at CERN) and he explains things by saying "They don't make common sense, but they make mathematical sense."  Ah!  The RELIGION of mathematics!  Believe what the math says and do not question it, since it is THE WORD OF GOD!

This morning I sent him an email, recommending that he take a look at my web page of experiments which demonstrate that light hits a moving observer at c+v or c-v.  I hope he responds, since I'd really like to find out what he thinks of those experiments.  Meanwhile, there are many more episodes of their podcast that I look forward to listening to.  The good ones are really good. 

July 22, 2021
- I keep finding new science podcasts that I never heard of before.  A couple days ago, I was looking at a list of podcasts on some web site, and off to one side on the screen there was a list of other podcasts that the site figured might be of interest to anyone viewing the podcast I was looking at.  One of the podcasts they showed was "Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe."  Looking through the list of nearly 300 episodes, I downloaded about a dozen into my MP3 player.  Then, yesterday, I listened to a couple.  The first was their fourth episode, from back in 2018, titled "Is Time Travel Possible?"  It was an excellent episode, discussing the topic and also how movies depict time travel.

Then I listened to one of their more recent episodes.  It's from July 13, 2021, and it is titled "What do the Navy UFO videos really mean?"  At 1 hour and 22 minutes, it is also one of their longest episodes.  I'd seen news stories on TV about the government recently releasing six Navy videos which reportedly showed UFOs, but I hadn't really paid much attention to the stories.   To me, the videos obviously showed problems of various kinds with the camera that took the video.  And that is basically what the podcast said and explained in detail.  The podcast was mostly an interview with Mick West, the author of a book titled "Escaping The Rabbit Hole: How to Debunk Conspiracy Theories Using Facts, Logic, and Respect."  Hmm.  I'd never heard of that book, either.  I was able to obtain a copy, and browsing through it, I decided it will definitely go at or near the top of my reading list - which has about 40 other high-priority books on it.

The Mick West interview was really fascinating.  Since I've been researching conspiracy theories ever since the anthrax attacks of 2001, Mr. West and I seem to share nearly identical views about conspiracy theorists.  One disagreement we have is that he does not include the anthrax conspiracy theories among his Top 10, which are:
1.     Big Pharma: The theory that pharmaceutical companies conspire to maximize profit by selling drugs that people do not actually need
2.     Global Warming Hoax: The theory that climate change is not caused by man-made carbon emissions, and that there’s some other motive for claiming this
3.     JFK: The theory that people in addition to Lee Harvey Oswald were involved in the assassination of John F. Kennedy
4.     9/11 Inside Job: The theory that the events of 9/11 were arranged by elements within the US government
5.     Chemtrails: The theory that the trails left behind aircraft are part of a secret spraying program
6.     False Flag Shootings: The theory that shootings like Sandy Hook and Las Vegas either never happened or were arranged by people in power
7.     Moon Landing Hoax: The theory that the Moon landings were faked in a movie studio
8.     UFO Cover-Up: The theory that the US government has contact with aliens or crashed alien crafts and is keeping it secret
9.     Flat Earth: The theory that the Earth is flat, but governments, business, and scientists all pretend it is a globe
10.    Reptile Overlords: The theory that the ruling classes are a race of shape-shifting trans-dimensional reptiles
In addition, I think I may be a "conspiracy theorist" myself, since I somewhat believe in conspiracy theory #1.  It drives me nuts when I see ads on TV for prescription drugs.  No other country in the world allows that.  It encourages people to ask their doctors for specific drugs, because the patient has done an analysis of his own symptoms and concluded what his doctor should prescribe.

The only conspiracy theory on the list that I would remove and replace with anthrax conspiracy theories is #5.  I've heard of Chemtrail conspiracy theories, but they certainly do not seem very common -- and contrails appear over Air Force bases all the time, so why would Air Force pilots spray chemicals over the area where they live?  And why would just about every commercial airline pilot get involved with such a thing?  I would think that the only people who would believe that airplanes are spraying chemicals are people who have never flown on an airplane, don't live anywhere near a commercial airport, and who sometimes see small planes spraying crops with insecticides.

Anyway, I really enjoyed that podcast episode and look forward to listening to a lot more of them.  I might even send Daniel and Jorge an email asking them to discuss some favorite topic of mine.  But first I need to study what topics they have already covered, since I just noticed an episode from March of 2019 titled "What is Time Dilation?"  I think I know what Time Dilation is, but I'd like to hear the topic being discussed.

July 20, 2021
- Hmm.  This morning I received an email from my web site "host," advising me that they have been acquired by a much larger web hosting company.  That means that some time in the very near future, this ed-lake.com web site will be moved from a computer in Huntsville, Alabama, to a computer in Lansing, Michigan.

I'm not sure what's involved, but I plan to shut down anthraxinvestigation.com at that time, rather than move it.  I've only been keeping that site on-line as a public service, since it contains more information about the anthrax attacks of 2001 than can be found anywhere else.  I haven't had any reason to update the site since December 31, 2014, when I set up ed-lake.com.  Having a web site isn't free, and although the cost isn't very much, I don't see any reason to continue paying for something that I'm no longer updating.  That site still gets about 250 visitors per day, which is almost twice the number of visitors that this site gets.  But mostly the visits are from search engines and robots.  The Sogu Web Spider downloads my main web page at least a hundred times per day. (I keep wondering if that isn't one way that Chinese hackers cause problems.)

After writing the above paragraphs, I checked with my current web site host, and they set things up so that the anthraxinvestigation.com site will shut down on August 5.  Whether or not there will be a transfer to Lansing is unimportant.  I just need to remember to remove the link that is at the top of this web page.

Meanwhile, I'm still trying to work on my new book.  I keep wanting to create a plain English version of Einstein's 1905 paper "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies," but some sections are nearly nothing but mathematical equations, which are difficult to decipher.  Other sections, however, contain plain English statements that are definitely worth quoting.  Here's one from the next to last page, page 22:
Thus, when v = c, W becomes infinite. Velocities greater than that of light have—as in our previous results—no possibility of existence.
W is the energy of an electron.  The paper is about how motion adds to the energy (and mass) of an electron and thereby slows down time.  When you reach the speed of light, the energy (and mass) becomes infinite.  Here's a quote from the last page, page 23:
This relationship may be tested experimentally, since the velocity of the electron can be directly measured, e.g. by means of rapidly oscillating electric and magnetic fields. 
It says that you can determine the velocity of an electron by measuring how fast its electric and magnetic fields oscillate. Unfortunately, while c (the speed of light) is used in all the equations, Einstein never specifically states that the motion of the electron is relative to the speed of light.  I appears that if you can understand the equations, you understand that all motion is relative to the speed of light.

I thought it was worth quoting since photons also have oscillating electric and magnetic fields, even though it seems most mathematicians will argue otherwise, without ever attempting to explain how photons work.  When you ask them about photons, they just start talking about waves.    

July 18, 2021
- On Wednesday afternoon, I decided to start a new discussion thread on Facebook using the comment and image I mentioned here on that day.  The Astrophysics and Physics Facebook Group is moderated, so the image didn't get posted until 6:34 that evening.  The resulting discussion lasted just two days, ending on Friday afternoon with 99 comments, 22 "likes" and 2 "haha's".

Google discussion starter

It was a terrific discussion, mostly between me and a Minnesotan named Brandon, who posted 40 of the 99 comments, and that South American college professor named Miguel, who posted 8 messages.  I posted 39 comments in response to those messages and in response to a few messages from others who posted just one comment each.

I also saved a copy of the discussion, since some parts might be worthy of including in that book I am supposed to be writing. 

Brandon and I argued about the speed of light and whether it is possible for light to arrive at c+v, where v is the speed of the observer of the oncoming light.  He claimed that was not possible, but then he altered the discussion:
We're no longer arguing about the speed of the light, we both seem to agree it's c. We're now arguing about whether the car would see light from the radar gun blueshifted if it is the radar gun moving, not the car.
I responded,
I have a radar gun. I've studied it and others, and I've performed many experiments. Einstein's second postulate is confirmed: "light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c which is independent of the state of motion of the EMITTING BODY."

The speed of the gun does not cause red or blue shifting of the photons that are EMITTED. It DOES, however affect the red and blue shifting of the RETURNING photons when the gun is moving.
And Brandon responded,
How do we determine if the car measures the light blueshifted or not from a [moving] radar gun?
I responded,
Einstein's Second Postulate says that blueshifting CANNOT be done by the emitter. Therefore it can ONLY be done by the receiver.
and I posted a link to a NASA web page about how radar guns can theoretically measure the speed of a car using a single photon.  Brandon's response was:
That's not our case. Our case is the car is at rest, the gun is moving. How do we determine if the light is blueshifted in the car's frame of reference, if the car is at rest, and it is the gun that is moving? The NASA link has the car moving. Doesn't answer our question. And it holds the same if the car wasn't moving, and it was the emitter moving instead, at least from my understanding of relativity. But you seem to think the light would NOT be blueshifted from the car's frame of reference if the car was at rest and the emitter was moving.
Ah!  That was what I was waiting for!  He shifted to mathematician mode and began talking "frames of reference" and mathematical models.  So, I responded,
When you start talking about "frames of reference," you are getting into mathematical models and AWAY FROM REALITY.

The car is NOT moving. The radar gun is moving. If you create a FANTASY where the car is moving and the radar gun is stationary, then your FANTASY has no basis in reality.

Radar guns work IN REALITY even if they do not work in your fantasies.
We continued to argue for awhile after that point, but neither of us could name an experiment where light from a moving emitter approaching a stationary observer is received "blue-shifted."  There are claims made by astronomers that light emitted by and received from distant galaxies is "red-shifted," but the Big Bang and our expanding universe says that we are moving away from other galaxies while those galaxies are also moving away from us.  So, there will be red-shifting due to our motion away from those galaxies.

Brandon then posted this:
Yep, a situation where the observer is stationary and the emitter is moving, then we're asking if the light detected by the observer (the receiver) is blueshifted or redshifted depending on if the emitter is moving away from or towards the receiver. In my head, that is identical to the receiver moving away from or towards the emitter.
And I responded,
Only in mathematics are they identical. In REALITY and LOGICALLY one is moving at a smaller percentage of the speed of light than the other, so the "reference frames" where each can be viewed as being stationary are PURE FANTASY and NOT VALID in Einstein's universe. In a talk Einstein gave to the Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1921, he stated, “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.” Amen to that.

Thanks for the discussion, but let's end it here.
And that was the end of my discussion with Brandon.  It makes clear what Einstein meant by his statement to the Prussian Academy.  You cannot just change "frames of reference" and assume that an emitter will emit blue-shifted or red-shifted light because in the new "frame" the emitter is stationary and the observer is moving, when IN REALITY the RECEIVER is moving.

While that discussion was going on, I was also engaged in a discussion with Miguel, one of the two college professors from South America, about something similar, but using different physics.
I posted this comment:
One of the most ABSURD beliefs in physics is that all motion is relative, therefore when viewing an accident it is equally valid to say that a speeding car hit a stationary wall as it is to say that a speeding wall hit a stationary car.
And I posted this image:

colliding space ships

Using that image, I argued that when two identical space ships encounter each other in empty space it is possible to tell who is moving faster by the difference in their kinetic energy.  The space ship that is moving faster will cause more of the debris to travel in the direction he was traveling.  According to Einstein, the faster ship will have greater mass due to its speed relative to the speed of light.

The South American college professor responded by posting a link to a YouTube video showing a car hitting a wall which he claimed would not show any difference if the wall hit the car.  It was the same argument I was having with Brandon, the mathematician's belief that "reference frames" are interchangeable.  Miguel was arguing that if a moving car hits a stationary car, the damage is the same as it would be if the "reference frames" were reversed and the stationary car hit the moving car.

I responded with this:
That Mythbusters episode is about how a car crumples to absorb the energy of a crash.

Your claim is the same as saying that when playing pool, a fast moving pool ball will hit a stationary ball and they will both remain in place [or bounce away from each other].

In reality, of course, the fast moving ball-A hits the stationary ball-B and transfers its kinetic energy to the stationary ball-B. Ball-B then speeds away from Ball-A, which has come to a stop.

The crashing of spacecraft would be like suspending glass ball-A from a string and then throwing glass ball-B at ball-A as hard as you can. Do you really believe the speed of Ball-B won't matter, and the pieces of both balls will scatter equally in all directions? It seems like an easy experiment to perform.
The college electrical engineering professor responded,
I don't have time to teach you basic physics. The point remains that [your claim that] "One of the most ABSURD beliefs in physics is that all motion is relative" is total nonsense.
That pool balls (or billiard balls) example was right on the mark, as far as I was concerned, and I can see why the professor simply ignored it.  It conflicts with his beliefs, so it is not worth discussing.   I'll definitely use it when writing about kinetic energy in my book.  And it really seems that Einstein's statement to the Prussian Academy of Sciences could have been about mathematical frames of reference being interchangeable, when many simple experiments can show that they are NOT interchangeable.

That Facebook discussion was truly productive for me.  I didn't change any minds, but the number of "likes" says I was not alone on my side of the debates.  I was just the only one willing to argue with the mathematicians.   The discussion also generated a bunch of "unique IP downloads" for my paper about Einstein's Second Postulate and my two papers about Radar Guns and Relativity.  So, people are interested in the topic, even if they do not want to publicly discuss it.

Comments for Sunday, July 11, 2021, thru Saturday, July 17, 2021:

July 14, 2021 - That discussion thread I started on July 11 at 2:49 PM on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group is still going strong, but it's getting somewhat tedious.  It now has 28 "likes" and 2 "loves," and it has 196 comments.  The problem is that that professor from South America is still arguing that, regardless of what experiments and science papers show, motion does NOT slow down clocks, motion actually causes clocks to travel a different route through "spacetime," which results in the clock showing a different time than a stationary clock when the two clocks are compared.

Clearly nothing is going to change his mind.  I've showed him document after document that says motion slows down the tick rate of clocks, but he just finds something somewhere in the paper that he can twist to support his beliefs.  And he has also found a few sources that agree with his beliefs.

Meanwhile, I've been thinking of starting a NEW thread using this image:

Max speed in the universe

The question is:  Why do you need an "ether" if all speeds are a percentage of the speed of light?  If I am going at 0.01% of the speed of light, and you are going at 0.02% of the speed of light, you are going faster than I am.  By no stretch of the imagination can you claim that I am going faster than you are.  Motion may be relative to some other body, but if the two bodies are not stationary relative to one another, one of them is moving at a higher percentage of the speed of light.  That is why Einstein stated that his theory made the luminiferous ether "superfluous."

I just don't know if I want to start a new argument on Facebook.  On the other hand, if I don't post the image and get opinions, there could be something to it that I'm missing.  And I don't know what the naysayers' opinion is.

July 12, 2021
- Yesterday, at 2:49 PM, I started a new discussion thread on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group.  I started it with this image:

What is Time?

And this comment:
It appears that Time is a "thing."  Time Dilation experiments show Time is something that can be affected by motion and gravity.  Illusions and concepts cannot be affected by motion and gravity.  Einstein seemed to think that every atom is a tiny clock whose tick rate can be affected by motion and gravity.  That would make time the same as particle spin.  Slow particle spin and you slow time.
As of this moment today, the thread has 19 "likes," 2 "loves" and 1 "wow."  Plus it has 82 comments, with more appearing every minute.  That college professor from South America is posting again, arguing the same things he argued before, that clocks do not slow down when moving, the moving clock just travels a different path through "spacetime" which causes the difference in elapsed time when the clocks are side-by-side again.

It appears that the people who "like" and "love" and "wow" my post do not write comments.  The people who write comments are people who post wisecracks, like this:
Time is a concept created by man, because humans cannot fathom everything happening at once.
Or nonsense like this:
Motion and gravity are also illusions.
Or disagreements, like those posted by the South American professor. 

Unfortunately, arguing in that thread is preventing me from working on my book, but it might clarify what points I need to address in my book to make certain I explain everything clearly and as thoroughly as is practical.

July 11, 2021
- That Facebook discussion I had with that college professor in South America last week is still on my mind.  The discussion provided a lot of pieces to the puzzle I've been trying to solve for at least 6 years: How can mathematicians believe what they believe about Relativity and the Universe when experiment after experiment clearly shows they are WRONG?  And why does nearly every college physics textbook have a different version of Einstein's Second Postulate?  The answer seems to be: The authors cannot reduce Einstein's theory to a simple Quantum Mechanics mathematical model, so they create one of their own and use that model as if it was Einstein's.

And why does it seem that no one has noticed that nearly every college physics textbook has a different version of Einstein's Second Postulate?  The only answer I can come up with is that they don't care. They assume that the professor who chose or wrote the textbook knows what he is talking about.  My discussions with such two such professors showed that they do NOT KNOW what they are talking about.  Time after time they state things that can be clearly shown to be untrue.  The prime example:  They claim that clock tick rates do not slow down when the clock is moving. Instead, they claim that moving clocks travel a different route through imaginary "spacetime" which results in the moving clock showing less time has passed than what is shown by a stationary clock.  Then they twist and distort things to claim that that is what Einstein stated, too.  When it is shown that it is NOT what Einstein stated, they claim it is what Einstein meant.

In addition, that most recent discussion caused me to look at my own understandings from a different angle, and as a result I was able to find some missing pieces to my own version (and Einstein's version) of Relativity and the Universe.  When you see things more clearly, you can explain things more clearly.  And that is what I'm trying to do as I get back to work on my book about "Logical Relativity."

It is all absolutely fascinating to me, but I still cannot believe that no one with the authority to change textbooks cares about any of this?  Is it just because they can't find any teachers who are willing to teach Einstein's version of Relativity?  Or is it because if they teach Einstein's version, they will be teaching a version that most other schools do not teach, and that will put their students at a disadvantage if they change schools.

When I finish my book, will anyone read it?  I don't know. Possibly not.  But, I'm not writing it for others to read, I'm writing it to clarify everything in my own mind.  Writing things down causes me to see them more clearly and sometimes differently.  I'm an analyst.  I enjoy analyzing puzzles and figuring them out.  And the Relativity vs Quantum Mechanics puzzle is one that people have been arguing about for over a hundred years -- even if Quantum Mechanics mathematicians claim there is no such dispute, there is just what they believe and there are people who are mistaken and not worth listening to. 

Comments for Thursday, July 1, 2021, thru Saturday, July 10, 2021:

July 9, 2021 - Groan!  What I don't need right now is another mystery! But that is what I got when I looked at my web site log file this morning.  For some unknown reason, people from 11 different cities in Poland visited my site just to view my web page about Time Dilation experiments.

IP                         TIME     CITY      09:03      Gdansk, Poland      09:59      Krakow, Poland        12:32      Szczecin, Poland        13:00      Lubraniec, Poland        13:47      Minsk Mazowiecki, Poland      14:07      Lodz, Poland        14:31      Katowice, Poland      14:49      Poznan, Poland        22:52     Wroclaw, Poland      23:41      Siedice, Poland    23:50      Katowice, Poland         

If it was someone telling the others about my web page, you would think that there would be multiple people in the same city, or that the visits would be clustered around the time they were all told.  But there are no two visits from the same city, and the times are scattered throughout the day.  And there were NO visitors from Poland the day before.  And there were NO visitors from any other country yesterday who viewed my page about Time Dilation experiments.

I can make no sense of it at all. 

Added NOTE: Early on July 9 there were two more accesses from Poland to my web page about Time Dilation Experiments:      2:46            Warsaw, Poland    3:21             Piaseczno, Poland   

Note that the two cities are not on the list of accesses for July 8, and the two new access times are within 24 hours of the first access.  And there have been no such visits from Poland since. The mystery deepens.

July 8, 2021
- At 10:59 AM this morning, the discussion of Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity that I was having with a college professor from South America on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group came to an end when the professor posted this:
Ok, you have your fixed ideas about this and I will stop the discussion here. The difference between principle and postulate is that principle is a fundamental assumption while postulate is something assumed without proof as being self-evident or generally accepted, especially when used as a basis for an argument.
I'm not sure what he was trying to argue with that last comment, but it seems he was just trying to explain why he pays no attention to Einstein's postulates.

In a comment less than an half hour earlier, he wrote this after I tried to explain to him that the Hafele-Keating experiment involve propelled airplanes, not some magical moving inertial systems:
Hafele-Keating experiment has nothing to do with Einstein 1905 paper.
I responded by quoting two places in Hafele's and Keating's first paper where  they mention Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity.  Here's the first quote:
SPECIAL RELATIVITY predicts that a moving standard clock will record less time compared with (real or hypothetical) coordinate clocks distributed at rest in an inertial reference space.   
The professor, like other mathematicians, argued that the Hafele-Keating clocks did not run slower, they were just taken on a longer path through "spacetime."  "Spacetime," of course, does not exist.  It is purely a mathematical idea.

The entire conversation was terrific and I saved a copy in html (web page code) format.  Then I converted it to a Word file.  It's 23 pages long.  I plan to include it (or parts of it) in my new book, somewhere near the end, to show what an argument with a mathematician is like, and how there seems no way to convince them that clocks actually run slower when they are transported at high speeds.  I may also convert it to a pdf file and put it on my web site somewhere once I remove the professor's full name and replace it with just his first name or a fake name. 

I really really enjoyed the conversation and posted this as my final message:
Thank you for the TERRIFIC DISCUSSION! You showed me how mathematicians are unable to comprehend Time Dilation, so they IGNORE Einstein's postulates and just make up stuff using various principles from one place or another. It is CRAZY!
Maybe tomorrow I can get back to work on my book. 

July 7, 2021
-  I'm still discussing Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity with a college professor from South America on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group (A&P).  I've been saving the discussion, and I might include it as part of my new book.  The discussion is absolutely fascinating to me.  It's like a detailed examination of all the debates I've had with mathematician physicists over the years.  Only this time the mathematician isn't just calling me names and demanding that I take some college physics courses, he is trying to explain where I am wrong.  And in the process I am explaining to him where HE is wrong.

Here is what he wrote a few minutes ago (with my highlighting):
In any theory in science, the postulates or principles defined are the equivalent of axioms used in mathematics. Postulates or principles are stated as true and they do not need to be justified. You are reading too much on the "which is only apparently irreconcilable with the former" words used by Einstein.
I responded,
If you present two POSTULATES that APPEAR TO CONFLICT, then you MUST explain how they do not conflict. Today WE KNOW THAT TIME DILATION RECONCILES THE TWO POSTULATES. Time dilation is what the paper is about.
And the professor responded:
An axiom, postulate or assumption is a statement that is taken to be true, to serve as a premise or starting point for further reasoning and arguments.
And I responded:
Yes, I KNOW that. But what if you have TWO POSTULATES THAT APPEAR TO CONFLICT? Then you MUST explain why they do NOT conflict as part of your "further reasoning and arguments."

The TWO POSTULATES do NOT conflict because of TIME DILATION. The paper explains how Time Dilation works.

I don't know if we will reach an impasse on this or not.  He's saying the postulates are unimportant.  His beliefs are based upon two "principles" that are described on page 4.  To me that is incomprehensible.  The postulates are the setup for the entire paper.  The two "principles" are just part of Einstein's theory about "Length Contraction," a theory that has NEVER been confirmed.  As I see it, Einstein used "length contraction" to explain how Time Dilation works.  He believed that the faster an atom moves, the smaller and more heavy it becomes, thereby slowing down time for that atom and what it is part of.  That is not too far off from my theory that the faster an atom moves, the slower its components move, thereby slowing down time for that atom and what it is part of.  The slowing down of atoms and their components is how atomic clocks are able to measure Time Dilation.  There is no reason for an atom to get smaller.

I think I'm going to have to re-start my book.  I need to explain Time Dilation at the very beginning.  Then I can later get into all the conflicts over how it works.  At my current rate, I should be done with the book in about 30 years.

July 5, 2021
-  I'm still discussing science on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group (A&P).  I've started to save some parts of the discussions because they are really interesting and thought-provoking.  For example, late on Saturday, Felix Jhunrey Poblete Limpag (who is apparently a boxing promoter in the Philippines) posted this question:
Hi:) I have a question.
What I've known lately in school is that when light passes through a glass, light bends and somehow losses speed. (If I'm not mistaken, energy also). Then after surpassing the glass, it will regain it's original speed like wow! But how?
That has always puzzled me, too.  It is not logical for a photon to slow down as it passes through glass and then speed up when it exits the glass.  That would require some force to cause the photon to speed up.  I wondered if the photon might slow down because it has to weave its way through the atoms in the glass, but it's not logical for the photon to weave its way through atoms without hitting the atoms.

The first person to respond was Jeffrey Zurek, who posted this:

All waves do this.
Light specifically doesn’t loose energy by doing this. Sorta…..
There is no such thing as fully transparent matter. So some of the light will be reflected and the rest will pass through. “Speed” will depend on the medium (glass, water etc).
So energy is lost with respect to some being reflected and scattered
That answer doesn't address the question.  It just says that some light gets scattered.  It says nothing about how light gets back to full speed once it exits the glass (or water, etc.).

HOWEVER, the article at the link does answer the question.  I dug into it looking for the word "photon" and found this:
Every photon (bundle of electromagnetic energy) travels between the interatomic void at a speed of c; yet time delay involved in the process of being absorbed and reemitted by the atoms of the material lowers the net speed of transport from one end of the medium to the other. Subsequently, the net speed of an electromagnetic wave in any medium is somewhat less than its speed in a vacuum - c (3 x 108 m/s).
light through a medium

Ah!  That's an answer that makes perfect sense, but it is still hard to imagine.  In my response, I quoted that passage and added this:
In other words, a photon does not travel "through" water. A light photon hits an atom in the water (or air), and it is absorbed by the atom. The atom cannot hold the extra energy, so it emits a NEW photon. The NEW photon travels at the speed of light to the next atom. This process continues, atom by atom, until the energy leaves the water or air and gets back into the vacuum of space where it once again becomes a single photon that travels at the speed of light.
Photons travel from atom to atom at the speed of light. But the process of being absorbed and re-emitted as a NEW photon countless times means the light will take longer to get from one side of a substance to the other than it would if the substance wasn't there.
That means a photon going through a piece of glass is actually absorbed and recreated a gazillion times as the energy travels from atom to atom through the glass. And doing all that only slows the light by a tiny tiny fraction of a second.  But it explains how the photon can return to traveling at the speed of light when it exits the glass.  It boggles the mind, but its perfectly logical.  My response got a "Wow" emoji from the guy who asked the question.

A different discussion pitted me against a man named Miguel, who is evidently a Professor of Electrical Engineering at a Catholic University in a South American country.  Interestingly, we argued some of the same things I previously argued with another college professor from the same country, the professor who kept posting insults into my log file.

The discussion about light and the speed of light, and my part in it began with a post by Davyking Caerlsberg asking:
I wonder why people are giving different answers. That brings another question. Is science constant or it depends on the scientific view of scientists!?
I responded that there has been a debate between Relativists and Quantum Mechanics mathematicians for over a hundred years.  They see things differently.

And Miguel responded,
Well, to start with, there is no "battle" between physicists working on Relativity and those working in QM.
I responded by providing link to a Guardian article about the "Battle for the Universe" being waged between Relativists in QM mathematicians.

Miguel responded that that was about the struggle to find a theory of Quantum Gravity.  He claimed there was no "battle," it was just very difficult to fit everything in to a single theory.

So, we argued a bit more and then came the key point.  Miguel stated:
When Einstein uses the word "stationary", it means the location of an observer, which considers himself at rest. A physics laboratory, inside a building, is usually an example of a stationary system. The fact that Earth is rotating and orbiting the Sun does not affects in a meaningful way the experiments of that laboratory. When Einstein writes "emitted by a stationary or by a moving body", it is a matter of logic to conclude that the stationary observer will also receive the light at speed c. If that were not the case then "emitted by a moving body" could not be true!!!
I responded,
Einstein STATES that "stationary" applies to A SYSTEM OF COORDINATES, NOT TO ANY OBSERVER.

A stationary observer INSIDE a "stationary system of coordinates" WILL receive light at c. HOWEVER, a MOVING OBSERVER inside a "stationary system of coordinates" will NOT receive light at c.
And Miguel wrote:
That is not logic. You may well have a stationary light emitter sending light to a moving observer, which is totally equivalent to a moving light emitter sending light to a stationary observer.
And I responded,
NO!!!!! ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!! You do not understand a key part of Einstein's theory. A stationary emitter sending light to a moving observer will result in the observer observing the light to arrive at c+v or c-v.

A moving emitter sending light to a stationary observer will result in the observer observing the light to arrive at c. So will a stationary emitter sending light to a stationary observer.

Einstein's Second Postulate: "light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c which is independent of the state of motion of the EMITTING body."

That means that no matter how an emitter is moving (or not moving) the emitter will always emit light at c. It says NOTHING about how an OBSERVER will receive that light. The Doppler shift says a MOVING OBSERVER can receive that light at c+v or c-v.

This is FUNDAMENTAL physics and optics.
And the discussion stopped there for the day.  We were in a fundamental disagreement. I am stating what Einstein stated about the emitter, and I am stating what is known by experiment about the Doppler Shift.

Many people believe that the Doppler Shift will be observed when the emitter is moving toward a stationary observer.  Why?  Because it is TRUE FOR SOUND WAVES.  A moving train will emit sound waves that are closer together for anyone in front of the train.  That is because as the train moves, it moves a bit between emitting every sound wave.  So it emits waves that are closer together. But that is NOT true for light.  Why?  Firstly, because Einstein said light is emitted at c independent of the emitting body.  Secondly, because light does NOT consist of waves.  Light consists of photons.  So, an observer may get more photons per second if he is in front of the moving emitter than if he is behind the emitter, but that just means the light will be brighter.  The oscillation frequency of the light photons is the same in both situations.  It is a wholly different situation than you get with sound waves.     

And if I ever get back to work on my book, I'm going to have to find a place somewhere to describe how light "slows down" when it goes through glass and then "speeds up" again when it leaves the glass.  And I'm going to have to find a place to describe the difference in how the Doppler Effect works with light versus sound.  I don't think either point is in any of my papers.

Added NOTE: This morning, Miguel started arguing about "inertial systems."  I've been explaining to him that Einstein never used the word "inertial" in his 1905 paper on Special Relativity.  His paper is only about moving and stationary systems.  Inertial systems are mathematical models that mathematicians create to allow them to compute certain effects. Unfortunately, they often assume that a laboratory on Earth is an "inertial system.  It is not.  Gravity is a FORCE that is being applied to the laboratory and everything in it.  Plus, different speeds are being applied to laboratories in different locations on our spinning Earth.  

July 4, 2021
- I wish everyone a happy Independence Day - the 4th of July!

July 3, 2021
Wow!  Some of the discussions I've been having on the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group (A&P) are really interesting and thought-provoking.  The discussions are vastly different from the countless arguments I've had on the sci.physics.relativity (SPR) UseNet forum.  On A&P people actually ask interesting questions.  And no one insults you if they do not like your answer.  They just frame the question in a different way and try again, like intelligent people normally do.  The same thing with the claims they post.  If they claim something that I believe is false, I'll post my understanding, usually along with some source, and then they'll respond by questioning whether my source really says what I'm claiming it says.  And we go from there.

And I keep getting "likes."  I started a thread about radar guns, and as of now it has 31 "likes."  And I get more "likes" on individual comments.  SPR had no way to post "likes," but I doubt anyone there would post any even if they had a way.

I keep wanting to write a comment here showing some of the questions and answers, but every time I start on it, I get a signal that someone has posted a message to me on that group.

There just aren't enough hours in a day!  And I'm supposed to be working on my new book!

July 1, 2021
- Groan!  I'm supposed to be working on my new book, but what am I doing?  I'm sitting here staring at my computer screen trying to think of something to write about in order to start a new month of comments.  While doing that I also checked the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group to see what they are arguing about there.
I found an argument about the Doppler effect.  Someone was arguing that the Cosmological Doppler effect results from the fact the universe is expanding.  They claimed that, when stars get farther and farther apart, the light waves from the stars get farther and farther apart. 

I countered with this:

I think the key is that light consists of photons, not waves. You can fantasize about waves getting farther and farther apart, but when you talk about photons you are talking about something that remains unchanged from the time it is emitted until it hits something.
Wow!  That's an argument I'd may never have used before when discussing astronomy.  And it seems to have brought the discussion to a halt.  It says that the only way you will see the Doppler effect with light is if you, the observer, are moving away from the source of the light.  And it seems there may be hundreds of astronomy articles that say otherwise - because they discuss light as consisting of waves, not photons.

I've said the same thing in my papers, but never before in a discussion.     

Comments for Sunday, June 27, 2021, thru Wednesday, June 30, 2021:

June 29, 2021 - Groan!  After putting all my science papers in what I thought was the proper order for my book, I found that I need to thoroughly explain Einstein's Relativity Theory before I get into the twists and distortions that the Quantum Mechanics mathematicians are trying to force into the theory.  So, instead of beginning by showing all the different variations of Einstein's Second Postulate as they appear in college textbooks, I'll explain the correct version first, i.e. Einstein's version.  It's not very complicated.  The topic only gets complicated when you get into all the distortions that the Quantum Mechanics mathematicians try to force into it. 

Yesterday, when I realized that I needed to reorganize some of the chapters once again, I decided to get off the whole topic for awhile by researching a new podcast that had recently been mentioned in one of my favorite podcasts.  The new podcast is "Mission: Interplanetary."  They've only produced 8 episodes so far, but last night I listened to the first four, and that was enough to convince me that the series belongs in my Top Ten.  So I modified my list of podcasts to do that.  The  podcast features Cady Coleman, who is a former NASA astronaut and Air Force colonel.

Cady Coleman

In 2010, she flew aboard the International Space Station on a six-month expedition as the lead science and robotics officer.  With her on the podcast is scientist and writer Andrew Maynard.  Both are really interesting to listen to. 

Meanwhile, this morning as I was going through my regular routine, when I checked the latest posts to the Astrophysics and Physics Facebook group, I saw someone had asked the question, "If speed of light is same for all observers why do we see doppler shift when observing stars?"  The speed of light is, of course, NOT the same for all observers.  That is just another false claim from Quantum Mechanics mathematicians.  As part of my response, I provided them with a link to my List of Variable Speed of Light Experiments.

A description of those experiments is also going to have to fit into my book somewhere, even though I never included them in any paper I wrote.  The same with my List of Time Dilation Experiments.  And it seems certain that they will fit best before I start explaining how Quantum Mechanics mathematicians argue that the experiments are all nonsense.

At the rate I'm going, I should be done with the book in about twenty years.

June 27, 2021
- I think I'm finally making progress on my new book: "Logical Relativity: Making Sense of Time and Time Dilation."
  Yesterday I finished putting my papers in order as chapters in the book.  As things stand right now, the book is 251 pages long, not including the cover page, the table of contents and blank pages after those two pages.

The problem is:  If printed as is, there would be an incredible amount of duplication.  I think I quote Einstein's Second Postulate in nearly every paper, and sometimes more than once.  Many illustrations are repeated, and in paper after paper I cite and quote invalid Second Postulates I found in various textbooks, very often the same invalid Second Postulates.  Plus there is massive duplication in the References.  Right now, all the Reference material is at the end of each chapter.  In book form it almost certainly should be all together at the end of the book, in which case there would be only one reference to Einstein's Second Postulate in his 1905 paper "On The Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies,"  instead of the 20 or more times it appears in the unedited book.

I also see no point in simply printing the papers in book form, since they are all available on-line for free.  What I'm trying to do as I assemble the book is put the papers in a logical order, where one topic leads to the next, so it reads like a book, not like a collection of papers.  That not only requires stripping out nearly all of the duplication, it requires writing all the new material where one topic leads to the next. 

There are also things I will need to move around.  In my paper "Analyzing the Twin Paradox" I mention a proposed experiment where an atomic clock is put into a large human-size centrifuge and spun around for many hours.  The discussion of the so-called "Twin Paradox" belongs where I put the paper, but the centrifuge part belongs at the end of the book where I propose some experiments to shatter common false beliefs about Relativity, specifically the "radar guns in a truck" experiment. 

I also need to decide on the best way to identify the people who disagree with me:  In my papers, I mostly identify them simply as "mathematicians" or "mathematician physicists."   In the book, I probably should identify them as "Quantum Mechanics mathematicians" or "QM mathematicians."  When you look at all the papers put together, it becomes clear that it is QM mathematicians who are behind all the nonsense beliefs that challenge and distort Relativity.  If it is a physicist mathematician who claims to know little or nothing about Quantum Mechanics, his disagreements are clearly still based upon Quantum Mechanics ideas that he got from somewhere.

The battle between Quantum Mechanics and Relativity is well known, but it's not well described.  A Nov. 2015 article in The Guardian states things this way: 
          At present physicists have two separate rulebooks explaining how nature works. There is general relativity, which beautifully accounts for gravity and all of the things it dominates: orbiting planets, colliding galaxies, the dynamics of the expanding universe as a whole. That’s big. Then there is quantum mechanics, which handles the other three forces – electromagnetism and the two nuclear forces. Quantum theory is extremely adept at describing what happens when a uranium atom decays, or when individual particles of light hit a solar cell. That’s small.
          Now for the problem: relativity and quantum mechanics are fundamentally different theories that have different formulations. It is not just a matter of scientific terminology; it is a clash of genuinely incompatible descriptions of reality.
          The conflict between the two halves of physics has been brewing for more than a century – sparked by a pair of 1905 papers by Einstein, one outlining relativity and the other introducing the quantum – but recently it has entered an intriguing, unpredictable new phase.
As I see it, there is a fundamental problem in the way Quantum Mechanics works.  It may not be a problem when describing how atoms and particles work, but it definitely IS a problem when describing how the universe works.  Quantum Mechanics is about objects, a.k.a. "quanta."  Relativity, as applied to the universe, is about objects in space.  In Quantum Mechanics, space is the empty area between two objects.  In Relativity, space can be infinite and objects can move into infinite space.  Quantum Mechanics mathematicians cannot cope with such a thing, so they create mathematical rules where such a thing cannot exist.  The result appears to be a total absurdity which Quantum Mechanics mathematicians accept as gospel and believe in with closed minds that care nothing about alternative ideas.  In Relativity it is simple logic.  Hence the title of my book "Logical Relativity: Making Sense of Time and Time Dilation."

I state at the beginning of the book that I am an analyst, not a physicist, and my task was to analyze the conflict in the way Relativity is described and taught in schools.  It turned out to be the conflict between Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and all I could do was confirm that the two methodologies are fundamentally incompatible.  Relativists seem to be totally okay with that, but QM Mathematicians seem determined to force Relativity (and Relativists) to accept Quantum Mechanics as the only correct way to view things.  The result is a battle that has been going on for over a hundred years and may never end, since there is only one way to change the minds of True Believers, and that is to convert them to a New Belief.  QM mathematicians are actively and tirelessly trying to do that, but it seems Relativists have no interest converting anyone or in being converted.  Their interest is only in exploring the science, and if you want to join in, you are welcome to do so.


Comments for Sunday, June 20, 2021, thru Saturday, June 26, 2021:

June 24, 2021 - While eating lunch this afternoon, I unexpectedly finished reading another book on my Kindle.  I say "unexpectedly" because on a Kindle you do not know what page you are on or how many pages there are, you just know what percentage of the book you have completed.  The book I was reading unexpectedly ended at the 66% mark, where the "Notes" section begins.  The book was "The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump" by Pulitzer Prize winning critic Michiko Kakutani.

The Death of Truth

It was an interesting, informative and somewhat depressing read.  Of course, I already knew that science and democracy are under attack, but the book contains a lot of details that were somewhat new to me.  I've never read any of Trump's books, so I was a bit surprised to read this:
As his own books make clear, Trump is completely lacking in empathy and has always had a dog-eat-dog view of the world: kill or be killed, and always get even. It’s a relentlessly dark view, shaped by his domineering father, Fred, who gave him a zero-sum perspective, and by his early mentor Roy Cohn, who gave him the advice, when in trouble, “Attack, attack, attack.” “The world is a horrible place,” Trump declared in his book Think Big. “Lions kill for food, but people kill for sport.” And: “The same burning greed that makes people loot, kill, and steal in emergencies like fires and floods, operates daily in normal everyday people. It lurks right beneath the surface, and when you least expect it, it rears its nasty head and bites you. Accept it. The world is a brutal place. People will annihilate you just for the fun of it or to show off to their friends.”
I wasn't surprised that Trump thinks that way, I was just surprised that he would make it so clear in his books.

"The Death of Truth" was published in July 2018, so Trump's actions and comments are a big part of the book.  But, I've never seen some of the statistics the book provides.  Here are two examples:
A 2016 Pew survey showed that 45 percent of Republicans view Democratic policies as a threat to the nation’s well-being, and 41 percent of Democrats say the same about GOP policies. And the animosity goes well beyond policy disagreements; it’s personal. Seventy percent of Democrats in that Pew survey said that Republicans are more close-minded than other Americans; meanwhile, 47 percent of Republicans said Democrats are more immoral than other Americans, and 46 percent said they are lazier.
A 2017 Pew survey showed that Americans don’t even agree about the value of a college education: while 72 percent of Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents said colleges and universities have a positive effect on the country, a majority of Republicans and Republican leaners (58 percent) have a negative view of those institutions of higher learning.
Here's a quote from sci-fi author Robert A. Heinlein that heads one chapter:
You can sway a thousand men by appealing to their prejudices quicker than you can convince one man by logic.
That's something I think is really depressing, but I can't argue with it. 

Here are two final quotes from the book:
George Washington’s Farewell Address of 1796 was eerily clairvoyant about the dangers America now faces. In order to protect its future, he said, the young country must guard its Constitution and remain vigilant about efforts to sabotage the separation and balance of powers within the government that he and the other founders had so carefully crafted. Washington warned about the rise of “cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men” who might try “to subvert the power of the people” and “usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.”
And, finally, Washington warned of the “continual mischiefs of the spirit of party,” which are given to creating strife through “ill-founded jealousies and false alarms,” and the perils that factionalism (East versus West, North versus South, state versus federal) posed to the unity of the country. Citizens, he said, must indignantly frown “upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts.”
After finishing such a depressing book, I dug through the other books in my Kindle to see if I could find something lighter and funny.  I found one, but it seems I started reading it some time ago and stopped at the 6% point.  I don't know why I stopped, but maybe I'll find out at breakfast tomorrow morning when I start reading from my Kindle again.

June 22, 2021
- I finally managed to get started on my new book, which until this morning was tentatively titled "Logical Relativity: Making Sense of Time Dilation and Relativity."  On the first day, I wrote the Introduction, then I wrote Chapter 1 and I started on Chapter 2.  The next day I saw I needed to revise the Introduction, and I worked on it all day, pushing a lot of what was in the original Introduction into Chapter 1.   Then on the next day I again revised the Introduction.  And this morning I did it again, plus I felt I needed to revise the title.  I shouldn't have used the word "Relativity" in two places in the title.  I decided a better title would be "Logical Relativity: Making Sense of Time and Time Dilation."

While I was working on the book, I was also wondering about something I found while doing research.  Starting on page 20 of Einstein's 23-page 1905 paper "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies," which introduced to world to Velocity Time Dilation, Einstein begins the final section, Section 10, which is titled "Dynamics of the Slowly Accelerated Electron.

Like the rest of the paper (except for the first page), the section is filled with complex mathematical equations.  If I'm deciphering the text correctly, it is saying that the mass and energy of an electron increases as the velocity of the electron increases. And if you push an electron up to the speed of light, its mass and energy become infinite.  Therefore,
Velocities greater than that of light have — as in our previous results — no possibility of existence. 
I mention this because it seems to support my claim that "Time is particle spin."  The faster a particle (such an electron) moves through space, the heavier it becomes and the more energy it contains.  All I'm adding is that it seems to mean that the particle also spins slower.  And we experience Time because we are constructed of a gazillion tiny atomic clocks (i.e., particles) that are constantly ticking off time at the local rate.  They do not "measure" Time.  They are Time.  And when we build clocks to measure time, those clocks are measuring the local rates of particle spin.

That's going to have to fit somewhere in my book.  I just wish Einstein had spent more time describing his theories in words, instead of in mathematical equations.

June 20, 2021
- Groan!  I keep stumbling across new podcasts that I never heard of before.  And they are nearly all podcasts in my areas of interest: science, history, psychology, movies, etc.  It made me wonder how many podcasts there are in total, since there are lots of areas that are very little interest to me.  A Google search found that there are roughly 2 million different podcasts, and about 48 million individual episodes of those podcasts!  In America, 75% of the population is familiar with the term "podcasting," but only about 55% of the population has actually listened to a podcast.

Last week, I heard about a podcast called "You Are Not So Smart."  Curious, I checked it out and found that it seems to be a psychology podcast.  The episode that attracted my attention was #197, which is titled "Conspiratorial Thinking."  It's 1 hour and 24 minutes long, because it is mostly a re-broadcast of 3 different past shows about conspiracy theories and conspiratorial thinking.

It's an interesting episode and says that "only" 6% of Americans believe the moon landings were faked.  And "only" 4% believe that lizard overlords control everything.  Only 4%?  I'm amazed that more than 1% could believe such a thing - or even more than 0.1%.  But, according to Wikipedia:

According to British conspiracy theorist David Icke, who first published on this theme in his 1999 work The Biggest Secret, tall, blood-drinking, shape-shifting reptilian humanoids from the Alpha Draconis star system, now hiding in underground bases, are the force behind a worldwide conspiracy against humanity. He contends that most of the world's ancient and modern leaders are related to these reptilians, including the Merovingian dynasty, the Rothschilds, the Bush family and the British Royal family. Icke's conspiracy theories now have supporters in up to 47 countries and he has given lectures to crowds of up to 6,000 people.

American writer Vicki Santillano included Icke's conspiracy theory in her list of the 10 most popular conspiracy theories. A poll of Americans in 2013 by Public Policy Polling indicated that 4% of registered voters (±2.8%) believed in David Icke's ideas.

Hmm.  4% of registered voters probably means that the actual number is a lot more than just 4% of Americans.  One of the signs that someone is a lizard person in disguise: He displays a "love of space and science." Uh oh.

While checking out other podcasts I'd never heard of before, I found a podcast called "Armchair Experts."  It is mostly celebrity interviews, but lately it has been doing one show per month about conspiracy theories. So far, I've only listened to 2 or 3 episodes.  One is episode #266, from November 20, 2020, which is a very interesting episode about David Icke.  Icke has been preaching his beliefs for 30 years (since 1990), he has written 25 books, and believes himself to be "the Son of God."  He's also a former BBC sportscaster.  He thinks vaccines are mind control drugs.   He believes 9/11 was a hoax.  And he believes the moon is a mind-control machine.  His packed lectures last from 8 to 12 hours, and he makes as much money from them today as he did 30 years ago.  A lot of people compare him to L. Ron Hubbard.  I've certainly heard of Hubbard, who has a bunch of celebrities who are followers, including Tom Cruise, John Travolta and Catherine Bell, but I never heard of David Icke until just recently.

Researching how many people believe the moon landings were faked, I found that the number is going up.  According to one article, "10% of Americans Believe the Moon Landing was Fake."  That includes 18% of all people in the 18 to 34 age group, 8% of people 35 to 54, and just 3% of people over 54.  And younger people are also more likely to be Flat Earthers.  Interestingly, 75% of the people who think the moon landings were faked also believe that aliens have visited the Earth.  So, there are undoubtedly a lot of people who believe in more than just one conspiracy theory.

The Internet undoubtedly has a lot to do with it.  It all reminds me of a quote from humorist Leo Rosten:
"I never cease to be dumbfounded by the unbelievable things people believe."

Other interests:

fake picture of snow on
                    the pyramids
 Click HERE for an analysis of this fake photo.

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© 2021 by Ed Lake